► The other mourners are allowed to wear any shades, except the bright and bold ones, and it is also customary for them to wear a cloth band on their arms that signifies that they are mourning the death of their loved one. Niobides Krater - Anonymous vase painter of C... 28. The Ardabil Carpet - Islamic, Safavid Dynasty... 190. Do not wear red; in China, it is associated with happiness.

Maybe you can bring it with you…if you are rich enough. The beings in the underworld symbolize water and earth, and they indicate an underground domain below the human world. So, while you prepare yourself to attend a traditional Chinese funeral ceremony, ensure that you have considered all these things so that you can follow the appropriate etiquette once you get there. Audience Response- Scholars are still in debate over the real function of these banners. Such a gesture shows that you are equally sad about the person’s death as his/her family.

► The family members of the deceased wear mourning clothes. Email This BlogThis!

Above and below the scenes of Lady Dai and the mourning hall, we see images of heaven and the underworld. Lilys and chrysanthemums are good choices, particularly in white or yellow. c. 180 B.C.E. Chartres Cathedral Cont. While enclosing money into the white envelope, ensure that you are donating in odd numbers. If you look closely, you can see the patterns on the silk that match the robe Lady Dai wears in the scene above.

They also made objects in the foreground larger, and objects in the background smaller, to create the illusion of space in the mourning hall. This Buzzle write-up features some of the important etiquette to be followed during a traditional Chinese funeral. The Marquis’ tomb was not in good condition when it was discovered. Look for the mound in the center, between the two rows of mourners. The T-shaped banner was on top of the innermost of four nesting coffins.

Longmen Caves - Tang Dynasty, Chinese Buddhis... 194. People of today’s China value their age-old customs and traditions as much as they value advancements in technology and modernization.

Content- Yin symbols on the left, yang symbols on the right. On the left, a toad standing on a crescent moon flanks the dragon/human deity. ► Whether the deceased is cremated or buried, depends on the personal preference of the deceased himself/herself and/or his/her family.

Their tombs also inform us about their cosmological beliefs.

Lady Dai’s banner gives us some insight into cosmological beliefs and funeral practices of Han dynasty China. Funeral banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui), 2nd century B.C.E., silk, 205 x 92 x 47.7 cm (Hunan Provincial Museum) Maybe you can bring it with you…if you are rich enough.

► While the funeral is in progress, the members of the grieving family burn joss paper, also known as ghost money, to ensure safe passage of the deceased into the afterlife. ► The coffin, in which the corpse is laid, is kept in a hearse decorated with funerary wreaths and flowers. Tomb of the Triclinium - Etruscan - c. 480-470... 31. Although scholars still debate the function of these banners, we know they had some connection with the afterlife. Western Han dynasty, 168 B.C. Church of Sainte-Foy, Reliquary of Sainte-Foy ... 58. Each of these envelopes contains a coin. Traditionally, the Chinese people are known to host lavish funeral ceremonies for their deceased near and dear ones because elaborateness of the funeral ceremony determines the status of the family in the society. ► The minimum expected amount is 101 yuan (about $16), but there is no upper limit for the same. Even today, there are a plethora of funeral rites and etiquette that cultures across the world follow, and it is indeed interesting to know that some of these are ages old, owing to the antiquity of the culture itself. The elite men and women of the Han dynasty (China’s second imperial dynasty, 206 B.C.E.–220 C.E.) San Vitale (continued) Justinian and Theordora... 51. Four compartments surrounded Lady Dai’s central tomb, and they offer some sense of the life she was expected to lead in the afterlife. (Acropolis cont.) We understand that this is not a portrait of Lady Dai in her former life, but an image of her in the afterlife enjoying the immortal comforts of her tomb as she ascends toward the heavens.

Santa Sabina - Late Antique Europe - c. 422 -... 48. ► It is also customary for the grieving families to present their guests with a red-colored thread, while they leave for their homes. This remarkable portrait of Lady Dai is the earliest example of a painted portrait of a specific individual in China. ► Once the elaborate funeral ceremony is over, a funeral procession to the final resting place of the deceased, the crematorium or the cemetery, is held. However, the objects in the son’s and wife’s tombs were of extraordinary quality and very well preserved. Sarcophagus of the Spouses - Etruscan - c. 520... 41. NandiniForm: Fabric dyeFunction:to speed the body's journey to the afterlifeContent: the top of the banner sows heaven with a crescent moon at leftContext: Was used for Lady DaiTradition: Use of the bi diskInterpretation: the middle of the banner represents earthArtistic Intent: Was buried in the tomb for the purpose of calling back the spirit of the deceasedAudience Response: scholars have learned a great deal from her and the artifacts buried with her. Bayeux Tapestry - Romanesque Europe - c. 1066-... 58. ► The Chinese funeral involves a lot of rites which have to be completed properly. The compartment also contained a meal laid out for her to eat in the afterlife. ► If the deceased lived up to the age of 80 or above, guests can wear a white attire bearing shades of pink or red. The amount of money also depends on the closeness of the grieving family with the guest. Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well and Jacob Wre... 49. Arena (Scrovegni) Chapel - Italian Gothic - c.... 191. ► More often than not, professional mourners are also hired; however, this is not mandatory, and depends largely on the financial status of the grieving family. Catacomb of Priscilla - Late Antique Europe -... 47. Mosque of Selim II - Late Islamic - c. 1568-15... 65. Consultations, Education & Counseling Available, How to Respond to Someone Grieving during the Holidays, We all need to debate death and dying, and consider our own deaths. Travelers Among Mountains and Streams - Fan K... 196.

Mckenna Form-SilkFunction- Placed over the body of the deceased. In the mourning scene, we can also appreciate the importance of Lady Dai’s banner for understanding how artists began to represent depth and space in early Chinese painting. In the lower register, beneath the mourning hall, we see the underworld populated by two giant black fish, a red snake, a pair of blue goats, and an unidentified earthly deity. It is believed that all these enter the afterlife with the deceased, so that he/she can lead a luxurious and a comfortable life, even after death. Burying grave goods and giving food offerings has always been part of the Chinese funeral ritual, and this has evolved into the practice of burning Joss paper at Chinese funerals. Directly above the two men, at the very top of the banner, we see a deity with a human head and a dragon body. She stands on a platform along with her servants–two in front and three behind. Church of Sainte-Foy - Romanesque Europe - c. ... 63.

Tripod containers and vase-shaped vessels for offering food and wine stand in the foreground. Victory Adjusting Her Sandal... 35. Interpretation: The bottom of the banner represents the underworld. In the register below the scene of Lady Dai, we see sacrificial funerary rituals taking place in a mourning hall. Sometimes, the guests may also be presented with a handkerchief. Forum of Trajan and Basilica Ulpia - Imperial ... 45. Jowo Rinpoche, enshrined in the Jokhang Templ... 64. Dome of the Rock - Islamic, Umayyad Dynasty, ... 183. Today, the well-furnished tombs of the elite give us a glimpse of the luxurious goods they treasured and enjoyed. The elite men and women of the Han dynasty (China’s second imperial dynasty, 206 B.C.E.–220 C.E.) In Chinese cultures, color symbolism is very important. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) - Polykleitos - Roma... 33. enjoyed an opulent lifestyle that could stretch into the afterlife. Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417-1475) - Joseon Pe... 204. Pyxis of al-Mughira - Islamic, Umayyad Dynasty... 56. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater) - Imperial Ro... 43. ► Avoid wearing bright and colorful clothing, as such hues may symbolize moods, contrary to the one of mourning.

This essay was written with the assistance of Dr. Wu Hung. San Vitale Early - Byzantine Europe - c. 526 -... 50. In fact, the deceased is also dressed up in a white robe. Rottgen Pieta - Late Medieval Europe - c. 1300... 61. Plaque of the Ergastines - C... 35. Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompe... 38. This can be directly handed over to one of the family members (or put into a donation box, if there is one), either on the day of the funeral or one day before. This applies to funeral flowers as well.