InChI=1S/C7H7Br/c1-6-4-2-3-5-7(6)8/h2-5H,1H3, National Institute of Standards and The possession and use of toluene and products containing it are regulated in many jurisdictions, for the supposed reason of preventing minors from obtaining these products for recreational drug purposes. [23][24], In the laboratory, toluene is used as a solvent for carbon nanomaterials, including nanotubes and fullerenes, and it can also be used as a fullerene indicator.
Linear Formula C 2 H 5 C 6 H 4 CH 3. What is the common name for 1-chloro-2-methylbenzene? Toluene incurs no fuel excise tax, while other fuels are taxed at more than 40%, providing a greater profit margin for fuel suppliers. Questions and comments should be addressed to Dr. Michael Frenkel . Customer Service. Toluene had also been used in the process of removing the cocaine from coca leaves in the production of Coca-Cola syrup.

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Synthesis Reference(s): Journal of the American Chemical Society, 110, p. 2560, 1988 DOI: 10.1021/ja00216a032: Physical Properties: 2-chlorotoluene. Typical catalysts include cobalt or manganese naphthenates. search was unable to find the COA you are looking for, you will be Note that the methyl group is individually named due to the exclusion of toluene from the IUPAC nomenclature. Toluene can be used to break open red blood cells in order to extract hemoglobin in biochemistry experiments. Pricing & availability is not currently available. Standard Reference Data Program

Robert D. Chirico, Joseph W. Magee, Ilmutdin Abdulagatov and Michael Frenkel. The TRC Group is part of the Thermophysical Properties Division in NIST's Material Measurement Laboratory Chlorotoluene is a group of three isomeric chemical compounds. Étude du baume de Tolu", "Recherches chimiques sur les résines; Premier mémoire", Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, "Recherches sur les huiles légères obtenues dans la distillation du bois", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, "Dual cure, low-solvent silicone pressure sensitive adhesives - General Electric Company", "The World Today Archive - Authorities yet to acknowledge petrol scam problem", "Toluene – Study: Market, Analysis, Trends - Ceresana", "EU sets 0.1% limit on use of toluene, TCB", "Isolation and characterisation of fungi growing on volatile aromatic hydrocarbons as their sole carbon and energy source", ATSDR – Case Studies in Environmental Medicine: Toluene Toxicity, Preventing Hearing Loss Caused by Chemical (Ototoxicity) and Noise Exposure Safety and Health Information Bulletin (SHIB), Metabotropic glutamate receptor modulators, Glutamate metabolism/transport modulators,, GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulators, Articles with changed DrugBank identifier, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, TWA 200 ppm C 300 ppm 500 ppm (10-minute maximum peak), Jaime Wisniak (October 2013) "Auguste André Thomas Cahours,", This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 18:26.
Many substituted benzene compounds are popular by their common names. [10] In 1841, French chemist Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville isolated a hydrocarbon from balsam of Tolu (an aromatic extract from the tropical Colombian tree Myroxylon balsamum), which Deville recognized as similar to Walter's rétinnaphte and to benzene; hence he called the new hydrocarbon benzoène. Toluene is sometimes used as a recreational inhalant ("glue sniffing"), likely on account of its euphoric and dissociative effects. errors or omissions in the Database. Trinitrotoluene is the explosive typically abbreviated TNT. [7, 8] are included, also. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? [19], Toluene can be used as an octane booster in gasoline fuels for internal combustion engines as well as jet fuel. In many cases a COA can be faxed Asked by Wiki User. [31], Toluene inhibits excitatory ion channels including the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and potentiates the function of inhibitory ion channels such as the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor type A , glycine, and serotonin receptors. (Please note that if more than 50 points are used for Example 3 : Aminobenzene . Inhalation of toluene in low to moderate levels can cause tiredness, confusion, weakness, drunken-type actions, memory loss, nausea, loss of appetite, hearing loss, and colour vision loss. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? the program and database.

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[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]. 62K1064 – you will only find the COO if K9. Benzoic acid and benzaldehyde are produced commercially by partial oxidation of toluene with oxygen.

in front of the letter e.g. Site Use Terms Common name is Toluene. What instrument plays the main melody fom Nickelback? The methyl group in toluene undergoes deprotonation only with very strong bases, its pKa is estimated to be approximately 41. It is a mono-substituted benzene derivative, consisting of a methyl group (CH₃) attached to a phenyl group.

It is a colorless, water-insoluble liquid with the smell associated with paint thinners. When did organ music become associated with baseball? with the development of data collections included in [26] In 2013, worldwide sales of toluene amounted to about 24.5 billion US-dollars. Common name is Anisole. They (ortho-chlorotoluene, meta-chlorotoluene, and para-chlorotoluene) consist of a disubstituted benzene ring with one chlorine atom and one methyl group. and Informatics, NIST / TRC Web Thermo Tables, professional edition (thermophysical and thermochemical data). the Systematic (IUPAC) name of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (common name), or TNT. Some of them are given below : Example 1 : Methylbenzene . As of May 2012, the Professional Edition contains information on 28432 compounds and total of 531486 evaluated data points. on behalf of the United States of America. Final separation and purification is done by any of the distillation or solvent extraction processes used for BTX aromatics (benzene, toluene, and xylene isomers).

Example 2 : Methoxybenzene . In principle it could be prepared by a variety of methods. Developed by Kenneth Kroenlein, Chris D. Muzny, Andrei F. Kazakov, Vladimir Diky, As such, its IUPAC systematic name is methylbenzene.

05427ES–021 - enter the lot number 05427ES without the filling-code Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

How did Eli Whitney change things socially? methods and data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound NIST ThermoData Engine software package

All Rights Reserved. The common name … Did the Jonas Brothers Co-Write Get Back by Demi Lovato? Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC)

National Institute of Standards and Technology Toluene at 100% can be used as a fuel for both two-stroke and four-stroke engines; however, due to the density of the fuel and other factors, the fuel does not vaporize easily unless preheated to 70 °C (158 °F). multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US). The extent of toluene substitution has not been determined. Common name: Substituted benzene: Formula . The names should actually be 1-chloro-2-methylbenzene, 1-chloro-3-methylbenzene, and so on.

Contact Figure 19. What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? regression, only the 50 most-constraining points are reported), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Triple point temperature (Crystal 1, Liquid, and Gas), Triple point temperature (Crystal 2, Liquid, and Gas), Normal boiling temperature (Liquid and Gas), Boiling temperature (Liquid in equilibrium with Gas) as a function of Pressure, Phase boundary pressure (Liquid in equilibrium with Gas) as a function of Temperature, Density (Liquid in equilibrium with Gas) as a function of Temperature, Density (Gas in equilibrium with Liquid) as a function of Temperature, Enthalpy of vaporization or sublimation (Liquid to Gas) as a function of Temperature, Heat capacity at saturation pressure (Liquid in equilibrium with Gas) as a function of Temperature, Heat capacity at constant pressure (Ideal Gas) as a function of Temperature, Enthalpy (Liquid in equilibrium with Gas) as a function of Temperature, Enthalpy (Ideal Gas) as a function of Temperature, Entropy (Ideal Gas) as a function of Temperature and Pressure, Entropy (Liquid in equilibrium with Gas) as a function of Temperature, Refractive index (Liquid) as a function of Wavelength, Temperature, and Pressure, Viscosity (Gas) as a function of Temperature and Pressure, Viscosity (Liquid in equilibrium with Gas) as a function of Temperature, Thermal conductivity (Gas) as a function of Temperature and Pressure, Thermal conductivity (Liquid in equilibrium with Gas) as a function of Temperature.

In some cases, a COA may not be available on-line.

It undergoes sulfonation to give p-toluenesulfonic acid, and chlorination by Cl2 in the presence of FeCl3 to give ortho and para isomers of chlorotoluene. As the solvent in some types of paint thinner, permanent markers, contact cement and certain types of glue, toluene is sometimes used as a recreational inhalant[7] and has the potential of causing severe neurological harm. Data from NIST Standard Reference Database 69: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)