Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. When it is a noun, it is pronounced (/r e fjuːs/). The choice of verb-ing or to verb depends on the preceding verb. [intransitive, transitive] to say or show that you will not do something that somebody has asked you to do Go on, ask her; she can hardly refuse. Now, there is a very similar in construction to refuse to , namely can't help . Share it with us! "Require" + the gerund is used in an impersonal way: However, the difference needs to be learned for each case; there is no overall rule of the kind you suggest. Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language.English grammar tips with Gymglish, online English lessons. Send us feedback. Verbs followed by '-ing' or by 'to' + infinitive 1: Grammar test 1. He offered to help us wash up. Accessed 12 Nov. 2020. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? I want to speak to the manager. decline, refuse, reject, repudiate, spurn mean to turn away by not accepting, receiving, or considering. “Refuse.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/refuse. declined his party's nomination refuse suggests more positiveness or ungraciousness and often implies the denial of something asked for. The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. refused to lend them the money reject implies a peremptory refusal by sending away or discarding. What made you want to look up refuse? Learn a new word every day. Definition of refuse. 1. used as a verb How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know what languages these words come from? There are some general patterns. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland). like, love, prefer, hate, don't mind ...) are often followed by the -ing form, and verbs about intentions (e.g. There are several commonly-used verbs which, when followed by another verb, have special characteristics: •  Some verbs which are always followed by a verb in the, •  Finally, other verbs can be followed by a verb in the, English for Beginners with Rich Morning Show, Improve your vocabulary with Wordflashback. Hi Sir, I don't mind waiting if you're busy. Improve your English further and test Gymglish, online English lessons. refuse to do something He flatly refused to discuss the matter. Is it correct when I say I'd like to play football? When they offered me the money, I couldn't, Rand said mask-wearing is something everyone can do and likened people who, Most states with mask mandates won’t turn away voters who, Retail workers have had to confront shoppers who, Ohio poll workers and elections officials have to accommodate members of the public who, Alarmed by a spike in coronavirus infections in a few Orthodox Jewish neighborhoods, New York City officials will start issuing fines in those areas to people who, Included in the muddy, brackish water was food, As currently proposed, that won’t be until their second quarterly bill arrives around April 1, when the increase is expected to be $4.67, taking the household, The next day, sheriff’s deputies searched the cabin and found medical equipment, bloody, The city government plans more reductions in part by buying, The village issued a request for proposals Aug. 13 for, The side-loader body, built by Heil, wore the livery of, Post the Definition of refuse to Facebook, Share the Definition of refuse on Twitter. ICP#: 10044692, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses, English Online: 100% online teacher-led course, EnglishScore Tutors: personal online English tutors. So, I would suggest that, as well as learning rules and patterns, looking for opportunities to use new words and structures is very important for learning them. Hi, I have a question. -ing it´s after verbs or situations when we are making an action or it´s a fact that we´re going to do it? Note: As a general rule, verbs of preference ( to like, to love, to hate, to prefer) are followed by a verb in the infinitive if precise actions are being referred to (eg: I hate to end this conversation, but I have to go. Delivered to your inbox! © British Council - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary decline often implies courteous refusal especially of offers or invitations. Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + - ing ? Hi, i want to know if i understand well how to use this two kind of forms: English Language Learners Definition of refuse (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for refuse in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for refuse, Nglish: Translation of refuse for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of refuse for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about refuse. Singular Nonbinary ‘They’: Is it ‘they are’ or ‘they is’? [= I enjoy the activity], I like to go swimming at the weekend. From the explanation, it mentioned when like followed by another verb. Other verbs in this group include afford, agree, ask, choose, decide, expect, hope, plan, prepare, promise, refuse and would like. It is difficult to memorize all verbs and which form they will take... Jonathan R replied on 19 August, 2020 - 11:38 United Kingdom. He's in trouble but he's refused all (my offers of) help. Other verbs in this group include avoid, can't help, consider, dislike, feel like, finish, give up, like, love, miss, practise and suggest. Also, I can say I would like to play football. Or she's want to learn English Can I say, she's learning to learn English. ), JJ Bautista replied on 1 September, 2020 - 06:43 Mexico. teenagers who repudiate the values of their parents spurn stresses contempt or disdain in rejection or repudiation. It must be in the -ing form. Grammar test 2. What is the subject and the predicate of the following sentence? A verb can be followed by another verb. She refused to accept that there was a problem. I enjoy learning languages. Native speakers learn not by rules but by seeing and hearing these words many, many times as they grow up, and then by using them in meaningful situations. Improve your grammar skills with LearnEnglish Grammar, the #1 educational mobile app. Other verbs in this group include afford, agree, ask, choose, decide, expect, hope, plan, prepare, promise, refuse and would like. Which form you need depends on what the first verb is. Do you know any tips to avoid making mistakes with 'Infinitive or -ing?'? But they are general patterns only, and I'm sure there are many verbs that do not follow these patterns. [= this is my preferred habit], Suguru replied on 19 August, 2020 - 03:01 Japan. Would like is followed by to + infinitive. LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals. spurned his overtures of friendship. When want, learn and offer are followed by another verb, it must be in the to + infinitive form. [= I went to the shop but have no memory of it], I like going swimming at the weekend. 2 a : to show or express unwillingness to do or comply with refused to answer … "to be" it´s when we´re planning make something or we have the wish for do it? Refuse can be a verb or a noun. For example, verbs about preferences (e.g. how do native speakers judge which verb go with Infinitive or -ing form? When it is a verb, it is pronounced (/rɪfj u ː z/). Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! I want to learn a new language. Hello, Eugenia: "Require" + (a noun or pronoun) + the infinitive can be used this way: We require the students to wear blue blazers. Do this exercise to test your grammar again. She's learning to play the piano. Kindly answer it with clarification. Verbs followed by '-ing' or by 'to' + infinitive' 1: Grammar test 2 These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'refuse.' want, hope, wish, intend, plan, expect ...) are often followed by to + infinitive. Peter M. replied on 1 September, 2020 - 08:23 Poland. Some can be followed by either, and then the meaning may change. Yes, this is a tricky area! Verbs followed by '-ing' or by 'to' + infinitive' 1: Grammar test 2, guotitang replied on 10 September, 2020 - 12:03 United Arab Emirates. (Entry 1 of 3) transitive verb. When enjoy, admit and mind are followed by another verb, it must be in the -ing form. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? Pola replied on 18 August, 2020 - 16:25 Egypt, Hi, everyone Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Do you know when to use -ing and when to use to + infinitive after a verb? OR; The students are required to wear blue blazers. (Would like is structurally different from like. Do this exercise to test your grammar again. Look at these examples to see how the verb forms are used. I can say I like playing football. Some verbs must be followed by verb-ing and some by to verb. ), and by a verb in the ing form when permanent tastes are being referred to (eg: I hate ending conversations prematurely. ). I enjoy travelling. Find out about other grammar rules. 14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1, 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, 15th century, in the meaning defined above, Middle English, from Anglo-French refuser, from Vulgar Latin *refusare, perhaps blend of Latin refutare to refute and recusare to demur — more at recuse, Middle English, from Anglo-French, from refuser. And I'm afraid I don't have an easy answer. Improve your English with Gymglish - try our English lessons for free now and receive a free level assessment! Which is sentence right, Jonathan R replied on 19 August, 2020 - 10:59 United Kingdom, Aymen Aouali replied on 3 September, 2020 - 23:43 Tunisia, sribashu30 replied on 7 August, 2020 - 15:44 India. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? The problem is that in your example, we end up with two help 's, which sounds a bit odd: (2) He can't help helping his friends. Can we count on you to read this article? [= I didn't go because I didn't remember], I forgot going to the shop. It's useful to be aware of these patterns. rejected the manuscript as unpublishable repudiate implies a casting off or disowning as untrue, unauthorized, or unworthy of acceptance. 1 : to express oneself as unwilling to accept refuse a gift refuse a promotion. Jonathan R replied on 10 September, 2020 - 14:42 United Kingdom, Yes, I'd like to play football is correct. He admitted stealing the necklace. to say that you will not do or accept something: He asked me to give him another loan, but I refused. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The second one usually needs to change into the -ing form or the to + infinitive form. There are a number of Latin books in the Library? Still facing difficulties with 'Infinitive or -ing?'? It's grammatically correct. I forgot to go to the shop. Here Be Dragons: A Creature Identification Quiz.