2009 Oct;28(3):255-8. doi: 10.1007/s11239-008-0293-z. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. This is an attempt to measure maternal mortality in England from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. 47 Jones and Underwood, The king's mother, 40. See also Piers Brendon, review of The Oxford dictionary of national biography, edited by Colin Matthew, Brian Harrison et al., Independent, https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/the-oxford-dictionary-of-national-biography-5351836.html [24 September 2004]. This works out at around 1.26 million maternal deaths [140 million / [900 / 100,000] = 1.26 million]. I would like to thank Sandy Bardsley for alerting me to this resource. Bull World Health Organ. 43 Shapland, F., Lewis, M. and Watts, R., ‘The lives and deaths of young medieval women: the osteological evidence’, Medieval Archaeology 59, 1 (2015), 278, 286. Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service. Here we assume a global maternal mortality rate of 900 per 100,000 live births in 2015. British girls today are 13 on average at onset of menses. 20 Stone, Lawrence, The family, sex and marriage in England, 1500–1800 (New York, 1977), 79; as pointed out by Lewis, Judith, ‘“Tis a misfortune to be a great ladie”: maternal mortality in the British aristocracy, 1558–1959’, Journal of British Studies 37, 1 (1998), 27. [Article in German] Schneegans HJ. ‘Edmund [Edmund of Langley], first duke of York (1341–1402), prince’. 15 Lieverse, Angela R. et al. Worldwide, the sex ratio at birth is about 107 males born per 100 females; the ratio balances over time, as the immune system of females is generally hardier and more effective than those of their male counterparts. 13 French, Katherine, ‘The material culture of childbirth in late medieval London and its suburbs’, Journal of Women's History 28, 2 (2016), 126–48. 52 Marshall, J. and Raynor, M. The average age of childbearing differed between Asia and Europe with an average difference of five years, which would affect cross-cultural data collection. Prior to 1900, infant mortality rates of two and three hundred obtained throughout the world. 62 Mays et al., The Churchyard, volume xi of Wharram: a study of settlement on the Yorskhire wolds, 98. Reconsidering maternal mortality in medieval England: aristocratic Englishwomen, c. 1236–1503, COPYRIGHT: © Cambridge University Press 2020, The Black Death, 1346-1353: the complete history, A charm to be spoken during the birth of a baby, England, eleventh century, Alongside St. Margaret: the childbirth cults of saints Quiricus and Julitta in late medieval manuscripts, Manuscripts and printed books in Europe 1350–1550: packaging, presentation and consumption, In pain you shall bear children (Gen. 3:16): medieval prayers for a safe delivery, Women and miracle stories: a multidisciplinary exploration, “Thys moche more ys oure lady mary longe”: Takamiya MS 56 and the English birth girdle tradition, Middle English texts in transition: a festschrift dedicated to Toshiyuki Takamiya on his 70th Birthday, Reconsidering obstetric death and female fertility in Anglo-Saxon England, Human biologists in the archives: demography, health, nutrition and genetics in historical populations, Handbook of forensic anthropology and archaeology, Living la vita apostolica.